Acid Reflux, heartburn, is a condition that is quite common and happens when stomach acid flows back up into the food pipe, which then causes uncomfortable symptoms such as gas or a bitter taste in the mouth.
GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is discovered when acid reflux happens more than twice a week. Moreover, GERD is most common and affects approximately 20 to 30 percent of the population.
Chronic heartburn may cause severe complications, which has a higher chance of driving this condition, along with ways to avoid them!
- A burning sensation in your chest, usually after eating, might worsen at night.
- Chest pain
- Difficulty swallowing
- Regurgitation of food or sour liquid.
- The feeling of a lump in your throat.
Top 5 reasons for acid reflux to happen:
Smoking and acid reflux may come hand in hand with smoking as it increases acid production in the stomach and increases the chances of cancer of the esophagus.
Obesity is one of the common causes of this condition. Overeating food and a higher percentage of body fat can cause acid to back up from the stomach and into the esophagus.
The consumption of alcoholic beverages regularly can cause acid reflux. Some beverages are more than others, and for example, wine is more acidic than beer.
Chocolate contains many acid-promoting components, and milk chocolate has a higher chance of creating this symptom. Moreover, the fat in chocolate can even worsen acid reflux.
Coffee has high amounts of acid, and those who intake it frequently are at higher risk of irritating the digestive system.
- GERD treatment options are highly dependent upon an individual's GERD stage.
- Stage 1: Mild GERD
Patients experience mild symptoms once or twice a month. Treatment relies on lifestyle changes and over-the-counter acid-suppressive medications.
- Stage 2: Moderate GERD
Patients experience more frequent symptoms requiring a daily prescription.
- Stage 3: Severe GERD
Patients with severe GERD have poorly controlled symptoms on prescription medications. Their quality of life is substantially lower, and patients are more likely to have erosive esophageal inflammation.
- Stage 4: Reflux induced precancerous lesions or esophageal cancer
Stage 4 is the result of many years of untreated severe reflux. 10% of patients with long-term GERD progress to stage 4. They develop a precancerous condition called Barrett's esophagus.
These are just the tip of the iceberg of a few reasons why it happens. The best thing to do is lower the intake of the items listed above or quit them overall.