Digestive diseases are digestive tract disorders, sometimes called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The gastrointestinal tract is the tract or passageway of the digestive system that leads from the mouth to the anus. The GI tract contains all the major organs of the digestive system; organs include the mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus (food tube), stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and anus.
To make it simple. The organs that food and liquids travel through when swallowed, digested, absorbed, and leave the body as feces. These. Also called alimentary tract and digestive tract.
Diseases and disorders of the digestive system can involve infection or damage to organs and other tissues and structures, and they may also affect the actions of the digestive system.
Digestive disorders encompass a variety of diseases ranging from mild to severe.
Some of the more common digestive disorders include:
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Bloating, incomplete bowel movements.
- small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)
bloating, constipation, diarrhea
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
heartburn, chest pain, acid reflux, pain while swallowing, nausea
persistent pain on the right-hand side of the body, a high temperature
jaundice, vomiting, sweating
- celiac disease
long-term diarrhea, abdominal pain, abnormal stools, constipation, gas, nausea
- Crohn's disease
Fatigue, chronic diarrhea, unexplained weight loss
stomach pain, bloody stools
- ulcerative colitis (UC)
long-term diarrhea, unexplained weight loss, tiredness, abdominal pain.
Accurately diagnosing digestive disorders decisions involves a medical history and physical examination. Some digestive disorders may need more extensive diagnostic treatments, including endoscopic procedures, lab tests, and imaging. Doctors will often recommend treatments to evaluate based on the diseases.
It is a non-surgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract. With a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, the doctor can view pictures of the digestive tract on a TV monitor.
Before having an endoscopic procedure, a person must avoid food for 8 hours and prevent liquids for 2 to 4 hours before the procedure. Food can block the doctor's view in the stomach, and people may need to consume only beverages the day before the system for some courses.
Doctors can use endoscopes to screen people for specific disorders, which can be evaluated for inflammation, infection, or cancer. Endoscopes can also be used for treatment. Endoscopy can be used to destroy abnormal tissue, remove small growths, close blood vessels, inject drugs, etc.
Depending on the condition after investigation, some endoscopies can be carried out in the doctor's surgery. Endoscopies are generally painless, although they may still cause some discomfort. Compared with a complete surgical procedure, an endoscopy is simple, low risk, and cost-effective. Other advantages include
An endoscopy can detect polyp’s cancerous tumors and identify the presence of ulcers, inflammation, and other problems in the intestines or stomach. An upper GI endoscopy can determine the cause of heartburn, chest pain, and problems.